dialysis


dialysis
dialysis [dī al′ə sis]
n.
pl. dialyses [dī al′əsēz΄] [L < Gr, separation, dissolution < dialyein, to separate, dissolve < dia-, apart + lyein, LOOSE]
1. Chem. any process in which the smaller dissolved molecules in a solution separate from the larger molecules by diffusing through a semipermeable membrane
2. Med. any of various procedures, usually performed on a regular basis on patients who have impaired kidney function, in which chemical dialysis is used to remove toxic waste, chemicals, etc. from the blood
dialytic [dī΄ə lit′ik]
adj.
dialytically
adv.

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • dialysis — 1580s, from Latin, from Gk. dialysis dissolution, separation (of the disbanding of troops, a divorce, etc.), from dialyein dissolve, separate, from dia apart + lyein loosen (see LOSE (Cf. lose)). Used originally in logic and grammar; chemistry… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Dialysis — Di*al y*sis, n.; pl. {Dialyses}. [L., separation, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to part asunder, dissolve; dia through + ? to loose.] 1. (Gram.) Di[ae]resis. See {Di[ae]resis}, 1. [1913 Webster] 2. (Rhet.) Same as {Asyndeton}. [1913 Webster] 3. (Med.) (a)… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dialysis — dialysis. См. диализ. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Dialysis — Dialysis, griech., Auflösung, was Asyndeton und Diäresis; in der Medicin. Erschöpfung der Kräfte …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • dialysis — ► NOUN (pl. dialyses) 1) Chemistry the separation of particles in a liquid on the basis of differences in their ability to pass through a membrane. 2) the clinical purification of blood by this technique, as a substitute for the normal function… …   English terms dictionary

  • Dialysis — This article is about renal dialysis; for the laboratory technique, see dialysis (biochemistry); for treatment for liver failure, see liver dialysis. Dialysis Intervention Patient receiving dialysis …   Wikipedia

  • dialysis — /duy al euh sis/, n., pl. dialyses / seez /. 1. Physical Chem. the separation of crystalloids from colloids in a solution by diffusion through a membrane. 2. Biochem. the separation of large molecules, as proteins, from small molecules and ions… …   Universalium

  • Dialysis — The process of cleansing the blood by passing it through a special machine. Dialysis is necessary when the kidneys are not able to filter the blood. Dialysis allows patients with kidney failure a chance to live productive lives. There are two… …   Medical dictionary

  • dialysis — di|al|y|sis [daıˈælısıs] n [U] [Date: 1800 1900; : Modern Latin; Origin: Greek, separation , from lyein to loosen ] the process of taking harmful substances out of someone s blood using a special machine, because their ↑kidneys do not work… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • dialysis — [16] As in the case of its close relative analysis, the underlying etymological notion contained in dialysis is of undoing or loosening, so that the component parts are separated. The word comes ultimately from Greek diálusis, a derivative of… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins